Azure | Interview Questions and Answers

1. What is Microsoft Azure?

Microsoft Azure is a cloud computing platform provided by Microsoft that offers a wide range of services, including computing power, storage, networking, databases, analytics, and more, enabling organizations to build, deploy, and manage applications and services in the cloud.

2. What is the Azure Resource Manager (ARM)?

Azure Resource Manager is the deployment and management service for Azure. It provides a way to deploy and manage resources in a consistent and repeatable manner, using JSON templates to define the infrastructure and configurations.

3. What is Azure Virtual Machine (VM)?

Azure Virtual Machine is a scalable computing resource in the cloud that allows users to run Windows or Linux-based applications. VMs can be customized with various configurations, and users only pay for the compute capacity they consume.

4. Explain Azure Blob Storage.

Azure Blob Storage is a scalable object storage solution for the cloud, designed to store and manage massive amounts of unstructured data. It is commonly used for storing and retrieving binary data, such as images, videos, and documents.

5. What is Azure Active Directory (AAD)?

Azure Active Directory is Microsoft’s cloud-based identity and access management service. It helps organizations manage user identities and secure access to applications, resources, and data.

6. What is Azure Functions?

Azure Functions is a serverless computing service that allows developers to run event-triggered code without having to explicitly provision or manage infrastructure. It supports multiple programming languages and can be used for various scenarios, such as data processing and automation.

7. How does Azure Load Balancer work?

Azure Load Balancer distributes incoming network traffic across multiple servers to ensure no single server becomes overwhelmed. It improves the availability and reliability of applications by distributing traffic evenly.

8. Explain Azure DevOps.

Azure DevOps is a set of development tools and services that facilitate the entire development lifecycle, including planning, coding, building, testing, and deployment. It includes services such as Azure Boards, Azure Repos, Azure Pipelines, and Azure Test Plans.

9. What is Azure SQL Database?

Azure SQL Database is a fully managed relational database service in the cloud. It allows users to build, scale, and extend applications with high availability and security features, without the need to manage the underlying infrastructure.

10. What is Azure Kubernetes Service (AKS)?

Azure Kubernetes Service is a managed container orchestration service that simplifies the deployment, management, and scaling of containerized applications using Kubernetes.

11. What is Azure Virtual Network?

Azure Virtual Network enables the creation of private, isolated networks in the Azure cloud. It allows users to securely connect Azure resources and extend on-premises networks to the cloud.

12. How does Azure Backup work?

Azure Backup is a cloud-based backup service that enables the backup and recovery of data and applications from the Microsoft Azure cloud. It supports various workloads, including virtual machines, databases, and files.

13. What is Azure Logic Apps?

Azure Logic Apps is a cloud service that allows users to automate workflows and integrate different services and systems. It provides a visual designer for building workflows and supports a wide range of connectors.

14. Explain Azure Policy.

Azure Policy is a service that allows organizations to define, enforce, and audit policies for resources in Azure. It helps maintain compliance with organizational standards and regulations.

15. What is Azure Key Vault?

Azure Key Vault is a cloud service that securely stores and manages sensitive information, such as secrets, encryption keys, and certificates. It helps protect and control access to critical data used by cloud applications and services.

16. How does Azure Active Directory B2B work?

Azure Active Directory B2B (Business to Business) allows organizations to securely share their applications and services with guest users from other organizations, while maintaining control over access and permissions.

17. What is Azure Monitor?

Azure Monitor is a comprehensive solution for collecting, analyzing, and acting on telemetry data from Azure resources. It provides insights into the performance and health of applications and infrastructure.

18. Explain Azure ExpressRoute.

Azure ExpressRoute is a dedicated network connection that provides private and reliable connectivity between on-premises data centers and Azure. It offers higher reliability and lower latency than internet-based connections.

19. What are Azure Cognitive Services?

Azure Cognitive Services are a set of AI services and APIs that enable developers to add vision, speech, language, and search capabilities to their applications without requiring expertise in machine learning.

20. What is Azure AD Application Proxy?

Azure AD Application Proxy enables organizations to securely publish on-premises applications for remote access. It allows users to access applications from outside the corporate network without the need for a VPN.

21. How does Azure Traffic Manager work?

Azure Traffic Manager is a DNS-based traffic load balancer that distributes user traffic across global data centers to ensure high availability and responsiveness of applications.

22. What is Azure Blueprints?

Azure Blueprints is a service that helps organizations define and enforce standards for Azure environments. It allows the creation of reusable templates for deploying and governing Azure resources.

23. What is Azure DevTest Labs?

Azure DevTest Labs provides a self-service sandbox environment for quickly creating, deploying, and managing test and development environments. It helps save costs and ensures efficient use of resources.

24. Explain Azure Managed Disks.

Azure Managed Disks simplify the management of storage associated with Azure Virtual Machines. They offer scalable and highly available block storage without the need to manage individual storage accounts.

25. What is Azure CDN?

Azure Content Delivery Network (CDN) is a distributed network of servers that deliver web content, including images, videos, and scripts, to users based on their geographic location. It improves the performance and reduces latency.

26. What is Azure Policy Initiative?

Azure Policy Initiative allows organizations to create sets of policies to enforce requirements and controls over resource deployments. It helps ensure compliance with organizational standards and regulatory requirements.

27. How does Azure Active Directory Domain Services (AAD DS) work?

Azure Active Directory Domain Services provides managed domain services such as domain join, group policy, and LDAP in the Azure cloud. It enables organizations to lift and shift applications to Azure without the need for domain controllers.

28. What is Azure Data Factory?

Azure Data Factory is a cloud-based data integration service that allows users to create, schedule, and manage data pipelines for moving and transforming data from various sources to different destinations.

29. Explain Azure Event Hubs.

Azure Event Hubs is a scalable and real-time event processing service that can ingest and process millions of events per second. It is commonly used for building big data and IoT solutions.

30. What is Azure Information Protection?

Azure Information Protection is a cloud-based solution that helps organizations classify, label, and protect sensitive data based on policies. It provides persistent protection, even when the data is shared outside the organization.

What Next?

These are just a few examples of Azure interview questions. Depending on the level of expertise required, interview questions may vary from basic to advanced topics. Good luck with your interviews!

This post is licensed under CC BY 4.0 by the author.